Poetics: East And West

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It may refer specifically to the theory of poetry , although some speakers use the term so broadly as to denote the concept of "theory" itself.

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Scholar T. Brogan identifies [3] three major movements in Western poetics over the past 3, years, beginning with the formalist , objectivist Aristotelian tradition see Poetics. During the romantic era , poetics tended toward expressionism and emphasized the perceiving subject. The 20th century witnessed a return to the Aristotelian paradigm, followed by trends toward metacriticality, or the establishment of a theory of poetics.

Eastern poetics developed primarily with reference to the lyric , as opposed to the mimetic. Poetics is distinguished from hermeneutics by its focus not on the meaning of a text, but rather its understanding of how a text's different elements come together and produce certain effects on the reader. My program then was named "Theory of Literary Forms" — a title that I supposed to be less ambiguous for minds a little distant from this specialty, if it is one, than its for me synonym Poetics.

A Turkish stamp from depicting Yunus Emre. Love serves as my guide to the very end.

All alone, toward the majestic Friend I walk kissing the ground—and I arrive. Translated from the Turkish by Talat S. About Yunus Emre. Love for the Simurgh is born in those who ask Themselves if they could tread the path, they tell Each other they are ready to journey to the light But first they seek a guide who will lead And parse anguish and joy throughout their flight. The Ghazal The ghazal is a popular and enduring form of lyric poetry born in medieval Arabia, honed in the Persian and Ottoman courts, and adapted by many Muslim cultures.

Full text of "East And West Poetics At Work Narasimhaiah C. D. Sahitya Akademi ( Articles)"

Had we not known the grief of love, we would have known the grief living With what style you handle, Ghalib, all these themes of mystic teaching! What a saint we would have thought you if you had not been a drinker!

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The poet Simin Behbahani — , Iran , who helped reinvent the Persian ghazal in the 20th century. Poem Whatever He Poured We Would Drink Down by Hafez With hair disheveled, face flushed, and smiling drunkenly, Wine-cup in hand, shirt open, singing poetry, Eyes seeking out brawls, lips pouted with derision, Last night he graced my bedside and sat next to me.

This is our only keepsake from Pre-eternity. Whether the heavenly wine or the plain, heady kind— Whatever he poured we would drink down unquestioningly. About Hafez. Contemporary Folk Traditions In local communities throughout the Middle East, folk poetry provides ordinary men and women with heightened language to negotiate their daily lives. A painted truck with its owner, Mazhar Ali Khan, Pakistan, Women winnowing barley in a Yemeni village, 20th century. An ashik performing with a saz lute at a coffee house in Kars, Turkey, Poem Zamil by The Tribes of Bani Shadad and Bani 'A'rush The Anthropologist Steven Caton describes how tribal leaders traded zamils after a dispute broke out over a pasture straddling a tribal borderline.

The other side responded with a verse arguing that the presence of their sheep grazing on the land was proof that it belonged to them. To avoid conflict, a mediator interjected: War is not a wedding; beware: honor is like glass.


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About Omar Khayyam. There are very few angels that sing, there are very few dogs that bark, a thousand violins fit into the palm of my hand. But the weeping is an immense dog, the weeping is an immense angel, the weeping is an immense violin, the tears muzzle the wind, nothing else is heard but the weeping.

Poets of the 20th Century In order to rescue ourselves from the stifling effects of the literatures which have dictated and shaped our tastes and judgments for too many years, we must dump overboard everything that those literatures have taught us. Nima Yushij —, Iran , considered the father of modern Persian poetry. Who is silent, who speaking? About Adonis. Mixed media on paper, , by Adonis. About Badr Shakir al-Sayyab. Everyone fears, but you and I merged into one before the water, the mirror, and the lamp, and were not afraid.

I speak of the silver life of a song a small fountain sings each dawn. About Forugh Farrokhzad. A pre-Revolution poster from Iran advocating freedom of speech. The Iranian writer Ahmad Shamlu in the s. Mahmoud Darwish , Palestine. Only my words bear me, a bird born from me who builds a nest in my ruins before me, and in the rubble of the enchanting world around me.

I stood on a wind, and my long night was without end.

This is my language, a necklace of stars around the necks of my loved ones. They emigrated. They carried the place and emigrated, they carried time and emigrated.

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They lifted their fragrances from their bowls. They took their bleak pastures and emigrated. They took the words. The ravaged heart left with them. Will the echo, this echo, this white sonorous mirage hold a name whose hoarseness fills the unknown and whom departure fills with divinity?

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About Mahmoud Darwish. Kishwar Naheed , Pakistan. Excerpt We Sinful Women by Kishwar Naheed It is we sinful women while those who sell the harvests of our bodies become exalted become distinguished become the just princes of the material world. It is we sinful women who come out raising the banner of truth against barricades of lies on the highways who find stories of persecution piled on each threshold who find the tongues which could speak have been severed.

About Kishwar Naheed. Nazim Hikmet. About Nazim Hikmet.


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  • They come through you but not from you, And though they are with you yet they belong not to you. You may give them your love but not your thoughts, For they have their own thoughts. You may house their bodies but not their souls, For their souls dwell in the house of to-morrow, which you cannot visit, not even in your dreams. You may strive to be like them, but seek not to make them like you. For life goes not backward nor tarries with yesterday. About Kahlil Gibran. Kazim Ali Amiri Baraka Do the blues have their origin in the Muslim call to prayer?

    Agha Shahid Ali — Secondly, given the theory of Chinese poetics as expounded by the early medieval Chinese scholar Liu Xie 5th-6thC in his Wenxin diaolong, which became the foundational text of Chinese literary criticism and aesthetics, does Michaux's poetry relate to these Chinese notions of literary and poetic writing? Finally, could Chinese poetics — despite its very different conceptual framework — shed light on the idea of 'lyric poetry'? Through this comparative examination, I argue that although Michaux's poetry can relate to Chinese poetic theory, it neither exploits stereotypically Orientalist tropes nor imitates certain 'ideographic' traits of the Chinese language to achieve a 'concrete' poetic imagery.

    If 'Eastern' poetry such as Michaux's can be considered an 'intercontinental genre', it reveals itself as a mode of cross-cultural reading that takes into account different conceptualisations of poetics rather than a body of texts with identifiable 'Oriental' traits. However, it is exactly the interaction between the two that shaped the specific reception processes in the 20th century. Certain shifts in the German reception of Chinese poetry, both thematical and aesthetic, are unthinkable without the works of Western sinologists like Arthur Waley who himself was influenced by modernist poetry.

    Moreover, many writers actually stood in direct contact with sinologists, later generations also experimented with direct forms of cooperation. Against the background of the controversies on legitimate translations which already shape the early 20th century I would thus like to show how the two are closely interconnected, which strategies of cooperation and indirect translation were used and discuss the thematical and aesthetic implications of this interrelationship.

    For the contemporary scholar, the challenge is that of determining, in fact, what kind of work this anthology is, and what kind of model it set for later anthologies of world poetry in English. In my paper, I focus on the Sanskrit section of the anthology pp.